History of Yoga - History of Yoga Education - Information about Yoga History
History of Yoga
Yoga is a combination of body, mind, and spirit. The history of yoga is extended and steeped in tradition. Yoga is an very old system of health and fitness which originated in India. The word yoga has its first mention in the Rig Veda, the oldest of the blessed texts. Those that lessons Yoga approximation it's age to be four thousand year.
The history of Yoga can be divided into four major periods which are the pre-classical period, classical period, post-classical period and modern period. In the history of yoga, the book is called the yoga sutras. The history of yoga would not have been finished in the classical stage of yoga.
The history of yoga is extended and steeped in ritual. Contrary to what some people may consider, yoga was not urban as the latest way to slim down so they could fit into a smaller pants size. The history of yoga goes back 5,000 years. It originated in India, and the first time the word yoga was establish in written form was in the Rig Vada, one of the blessed texts used by Vedic priests. Yoga is a means of achieving spiritual enlightenment.
According to Patanjali, there are eight limbs of yoga, which lead to the ultimate goal of enlightenment.
The History of Yoga is defined as four periods:
Vedic Period, Pre-Classical Period, Classical Period, Post Classical Period and the Modern Period.
The Vedic Period
The next reference to yoga is establish in the Rig Veda, the oldest holy text in the world. The Vedas, dating back to 1500 and 1200 BC, are a collection of hymns, mantras and brahmanical rituals that praised a larger being. Yoga is referred to in the book as yoking or regulation without any mention of a practice or a technique to achieve this regulation. The Atharva Veda too mentions yoga with a reference to controlling the breath.
The creation of the Upanishads, between 800 to 500 BC, marks the period called Pre-Classical Yoga. The word Upanishad means to sit near and implies that the only way a student could study the truths inscribed in the texts was by sitting close to a guru.
It was at the time of the Upanishads that the idea of ritual sacrifice was internalized and became the idea of sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, act and wisdom. This remains an significant division of yoga's philosophy today. As with the Vedas, the Upanishads contained nothing of what we would term as yoga asana practice today. The first and probably most important arrangement of yoga came in the next period.
Written some time in the second century, Patanjali's Yoga Sutras created a milestone in the history of yoga, defining what is now known as the traditional Period. This set of 195 sutras (aphorisms) is considered to be the first regular appearance of yoga, and Patanjali is respected as the father of yoga.
Patanjali definite the eight-limbed path of yoga (ashtanga yoga), which described a practical treatise on living and laid out a path for attaining harmony of the mind, body and soul. Strict adherence to which would lead one to explanation. The sutras still serve as a principle for living in the world, although modern yoga no longer sees the need to master the eight limbs in succession.
It was in this period that the faith of the body as a temple was rekindled and yogis considered a perform to invigorate the body and to extend life. It was no longer needed to flight from reality; instead the focus was more living in the moment and on the correct path. The examination of the religious and the physical halves and the need to harmonize the mind, body and spirit led to the creation of Tantra yoga, to cleanse the body and mind, and to Hatha yoga in the ninth or tenth century.
Yoga in its present avatar owes a lot to scholarly gurus who traveled west to extend the profit of yoga, or researched and created different schools of yoga. In 1893 Swami Vivekanada addressed the assembly of World Religions in Chicago and spoke about Raja yoga. Swami Sivanada wrote numerous books on yoga and philosophy and introduced the five principles of yoga. J.Krishnamurti, the prolific Indian philosopher, unfair thousands with his writings and teachings on Jnana yoga. The defining epicenter of modern day yoga, as experienced in the west, began with Krishnamacharya, Mysore India in 1931.